Rod-Cone Dystrophy

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What is Rod-Cone Dystrophy?

Rod-cone dystrophy is a progressive eye condition that affects the retina, the light-sensitive layer at the back of your eye. This condition leads to the degeneration of rod and cone cells, crucial for vision in low light and color vision, respectively. Over time, this can result in significant vision loss and, in severe cases, blindness.

Symptoms of Rod-Cone Dystrophy

  • Night Blindness: Difficulty seeing in low light or darkness.
  • Peripheral Vision Loss: Gradual loss of side vision, creating a tunnel vision effect.
  • Color Vision Deficiency: Trouble distinguishing colors.
  • Central Vision Loss: Advanced stages can lead to central vision impairment, affecting reading and recognizing faces.

Causes and Risk Factors

Rod-cone dystrophy is often hereditary, caused by genetic mutations passed down through families. It can also result from other genetic conditions or syndromes. Regular eye examinations are crucial, especially if you have a family history of this condition.


Early diagnosis is essential for managing rod-cone dystrophy. Our clinic utilizes state-of-the-art diagnostic tools, including:

  • Electroretinography (ERG): Measures the electrical responses of the retina.
  • Visual Field Testing: Assesses the extent of peripheral vision loss.
  • Genetic Testing: Identifies specific genetic mutations responsible for the condition.

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