Retinal Tear

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What is a Retinal Tear?

A retinal tear is a serious eye condition where the retina, the light-sensitive layer at the back of the eye, develops a tear or hole. This can occur when the vitreous gel inside the eye shrinks and pulls on the retina with enough force to cause a tear. If left untreated, a retinal tear can lead to retinal detachment, a sight-threatening condition.

Symptoms of a Retinal Tear

  • Sudden Flashes of Light: Brief flashes in the peripheral vision.
  • New Floaters: Sudden appearance of many small, dark spots or lines in your vision.
  • Blurred Vision: Decrease in visual clarity.
  • Shadow or Curtain Effect: A shadow or curtain-like effect moving across your field of vision.

Causes and Risk Factors

Retinal tears can occur spontaneously but are more likely to happen under certain conditions:

  • Aging: More common in people over 50 due to changes in the vitreous gel.
  • Severe Nearsightedness: Higher risk in individuals with significant myopia.
  • Eye Injury: Trauma to the eye can lead to a tear.
  • Previous Eye Surgery: Procedures like cataract surgery can increase the risk.
  • Family History: Genetic predisposition to retinal conditions.


Prompt diagnosis is essential to prevent further complications such as retinal detachment. Our clinic offers advanced diagnostic services, including:

  • Dilated Eye Examination: Detailed examination of the retina using specialized equipment.
  • Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT): High-resolution imaging to detect tears and assess the retina.
  • Ultrasound: Imaging to visualize the retina when the view is obstructed by blood or other factors.


As is the case with all acute-traumatic conditions the sooner you are able to start treatment the better!

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