Eye Sty

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What is an Eye Stye?

An eye stye, also known as a hordeolum, is a painful, red bump that forms on the edge of the eyelid. It results from an infection of the oil glands at the base of the eyelashes. Eye styes are common and can affect people of all ages. While usually harmless, they can cause significant discomfort and may sometimes require medical attention.

Symptoms of an Eye Stye

  • Red Bump: A small, red, and painful lump on the edge of the eyelid.
  • Swelling: Localized swelling around the stye.
  • Tenderness: Pain and tenderness in the affected area.
  • Tearing: Increased tearing or watery eyes.
  • Crusting: Crust formation around the eyelid margins.

Causes and Risk Factors

Eye styes are typically caused by bacterial infections, most commonly by Staphylococcus bacteria. Factors that can increase the risk of developing a stye include:

  • Poor Hygiene: Touching the eyes with unclean hands.
  • Contact Lens Use: Improper handling or cleaning of contact lenses.
  • Makeup: Using expired or contaminated eye makeup.
  • Chronic Blepharitis: Inflammation of the eyelid margins.
  • Stress and Hormonal Changes: Can increase susceptibility to infections.


Diagnosing an eye stye is straightforward and typically involves a simple examination by an eye care professional. Our clinic offers:

  • Visual Examination: A thorough inspection of the eyelid and eye to identify the stye and any associated conditions.
  • Patient History: Discussion of symptoms and possible risk factors.

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